Distinguish between scarcity and shortages.

What will be an ideal response?


Scarcity exists because the wants of human beings are unlimited while resources are limited. The meaning of a shortage is not the same as scarcity. A shortage exists when people have to wait in line for things, especially on a temporary basis. Scarcity relates to the poor but also to the rich; scarcity is a fact of life that affects everyone. A shortage occurs when the quantity of a good desired exceeds the quantity available at a positive price.