The reserve ratio is 20 percent. After the Fed buys $1 million in U.S. government securities from a bond dealer by transmitting the funds to the dealer’s deposit account at Bank A, Bank A lends a construction company an amount equal to its excess reserves. The construction company spends the entire amount on lumber from a lumber yard, which deposits the construction company’s check in its deposit account with Bank A. The maximum loan Bank A can now make is


the supply of reserves in the federal funds arket will decrease